Skip to content
11/11/2011 / Test All Things

A Study of John 10:1-10

In John 9:35 we have here the story of a beggar who was blind from birth. Jesus made clay, put the clay on the man’s eyes, and Jesus said to him: “Go wash in the Pool of Siloam”. Well, this beggar had nothing to lose, so he went, he washed his face in the Pool of Siloam and suddenly he could see clearly.

In this miraculous healing the Lord Jesus Christ shows us a picture of Salvation. This blind beggar was a picture of all those who have become saved and those who are going to be saved. We were born spiritually blind, unable to see that we were sinners on the way to Hell, and unable to see that there is salvation through Jesus Christ. But, miraculously, at some point in our life God gave us the ability to see and believe the Gospel of Salvation.

And what is the first thing that we do after we have become saved?

We testify to the world what great things God has done for us.

That is exactly what this man did who was suddenly healed from his blindness. He defended the Lord Jesus before the Pharisees. As a result, the Pharisees cast him out of the synagogue. Let’s pick up this story in John:

John 9:35
Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when he had found him, he said unto him, Dost thou believe on the Son of God?

John 9:36
He answered and said, Who is he, Lord, that I might believe on him?

John 9:37
And Jesus said unto him, Thou hast both seen him, and it is he that talketh with thee.

John 9:38
And he said, Lord, I believe. And he worshipped him.

John 9:39
And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see not might see; and that they which see might be made blind.

John 9:40
And some of the Pharisees which were with him heard these words, and said unto him, Are we blind also?

John 9:41
Jesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should have no sin: but now ye say, We see; therefore your sin remaineth.

Now, let’s check our own eyes.

Did you ever see this, in verse 39, that the Lord Jesus said: “For judgment I am come into this world”?

You see, the Lord Jesus Christ is not the doormat that many people think of Him. “For we must all appear before the Judgment Seat of Christ”. Judgment is an integral part of the true Gospel. We tend to think of the Gospel according to John as an epistle of love. But Jesus said here: “For judgment I am come into this world”.

Whose Judgment?

His own Judgment on the Cross, and also the Judgment of all those who remain in unbelief.

All this is the introductory background for the dissertation Jesus gave in chapter 10. The text for the Sermon of today are the first 10 verses of John chapter 10. Perhaps you already know that in chapter 10 the Lord Jesus is speaking about Himself as the Good Shepherd, and that those who put their trust in Him are spoken of as sheep. But did you know, when you look at the man who was formerly blind: You are looking at one of the sheep that Jesus was talking about. He was cast out.

What did he come out of, and where did he go into?

To understand those questions, we have to know what Salvation is, and that there are two kingdoms involved.

What are these two kingdoms?

Colossians 1:12
Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet (made us fit) to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light:

Colossians 1:13
Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son (Lit: the Kingdom of the Son of His love):

You see, the whole Trinity are involved in our salvation. The Father delivered us out of “the power of darkness”, which is the kingdom of Satan, and has translated us (past tense) into “the Kingdom of the Son of His love”.

And what was the reason the Father translated us?

Colossians 1:14
In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:

Christ redeemed us; Christ bought us back; through His blood we have received the forgiveness of sins and the Righteousness of Christ. That is why the Father has translated us into the Kingdom of the Son of His love. The Lord Jesus speaks about those two kingdoms in the first 10 verses of John, chapter 10. That is why, these first 10 verses are actually two parables. Let’s read John 10:1-5 and as we read through these verses, I will make some comments on the literal Greek text.

John 10:1
Verily, verily, (AMEN AMEN) I say unto you, He that entereth not (by) THROUGH the door into the sheepfold, but (climbeth up) GOING UP some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.

John 10:2
But he that entereth in (by) THROUGH the door is the shepherd of the sheep.

John 10:3
To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.

John 10:4
And when he (putteth forth) PULLS OUT (or: CAST OUT) his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.

John 10:5
And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.

There now, you have the Gospel of Salvation in a nutshell. Listen to how our Lord begins to speak. The Greek words are: AMEN, AMEN. Interestingly, the Greek word AMEN is a transliteration from the Hebrew into the Greek language, and from there it has been transliterated into Latin, and into English, and into many other languages.

What does AMEN mean?

It means: So be it, or truly truly, or this is faithful and true. The Lord Jesus is announcing: AMEN, AMEN, pay attention; I am going to say something important.

Let’s first ask the question: Who is the Lord Jesus speaking to in Verse 1?

You know that the chapter headings and verse numbers were not in the original manuscripts.

In the first place, our Lord is speaking here to the Pharisees who, in the previous Chapter, had just CAST OUT the formerly blind man who was healed by Jesus. You see how God chose His words very carefully, so that we cannot miss the meaning of what He is saying in this parable. The Greek word in chapter 10:4 that has been translated “putteth forth” is the same as the Greek word CAST OUT that has been used in chapter 9:35. CAST OUT or PULL OUT is really the meaning of this word.

In the second place, the Lord Jesus is speaking to US, in giving us a parable that we first have to be CAST OUT of the kingdom of Satan. Let’s face it:

Where did the Lord Jesus find US when He Saved US?

He found us in the kingdom of Satan, and under the wrath of God. The Bible says:

“We all were dead in trespasses and sins, and we all were by nature the children of wrath, even as others”. That is how we came into this world. That is our nature as the sons of Adam. We first have to be set free, or CAST OUT, from that kingdom of Satan.

In the historical setting, the sheepfold is Judaism, which has degenerated to a gospel of works, trying to get into Heaven by obeying the Ceremonial Law. This is not the Gospel of Salvation, because the True Gospel of the Church is the Gospel of Grace alone through Jesus Christ. The Lord Jesus Christ leads His sheep out of a gospel of grace plus works. He leads them out of that fold, and into His fold; His fold, which is the Kingdom of Christ consisting of all the souls of those who truly have been saved.

That is where Jesus reigns, that is where His Kingdom is!

Our Lord is here not only speaking to the Pharisees, but also to US, because His words are here recorded for US, so that we may learn from it some aspects of Salvation, and also that we may learn from it how our Enemy, the Devil, works his way in this world. Look how Jesus said it:

John 10:1
AMEN, AMEN, I say unto you, He that entereth not THROUGH the door into the sheepfold, but GOING UP by another way, the same is a thief and a robber.

The Pharisees are the example of those who are going up by another way. They are going up by a gospel of works; and similarly, Jesus calls every other preacher who brings a gospel of grace plus works, a thief and a robber. It is only Jesus who went THROUGH the gates of Hell, and picked us up, and CAST us OUT of there. It is only the Lord Jesus as the Good Shepherd who enters THROUGH the door of the sheepfold, calling His own sheep by name, and leading them out.

But those sheep were dead. How could they hear Him?

How did Jesus receive the authority to call them?

Well, He first went to the Cross and purchased them with His own blood in 33 AD. He submitted Himself to all the conditions established by Him who built the house. He went all the way to the Cross. That is how He entered THROUGH the door of this sheepfold. That is why verse 3 says:

To Him the Porter openeth

John 10:3
To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.

Who is the Porter?

It is God who opens the door and makes the sheep alive, so that they can hear their compassionate Shepherd calling His own sheep by name. In chapter 9 Jesus is calling the man who was blind from birth. In chapter 11 Jesus stands at the tomb of Lazarus and calls Lazarus out. Here in chapter 10 Jesus calls His own sheep by name, and they hear His voice. He is not calling everyone in the world, but only His sheep.

Who are His sheep?

Those whom He knows by name; those whom He has chosen; and the Bible says that He has chosen them from before the foundation of the world. And they all WILL hear His VOICE. The Lord Jesus went to Heaven almost 2000 years ago.

How do His sheep hear His VOICE now?

Through the Bible, and through the preaching of His Word by those who faithfully preach, that there is no Salvation except THROUGH the suffering and death of the Lord Jesus Christ on the Cross. There is no Salvation except through the washing away of our sins by the Lord Jesus, who paid for our sins the penalty that had to be paid, which was the equivalent of an eternity in Hell. That is what Christ had to pay when He suffered on the Cross for us.

God is arranging the affairs of this world in such a way that all those for whom Christ suffered and died, WILL hear His VOICE. God said it very clearly in:

Romans 8:28
And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.

Romans 8:29
For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.

Romans 8:30
Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

God could not have said it any clearer. But this is a doctrine that man does not like, because it leaves God totally in control of man’s Salvation. And yet, it is a doctrine that pops up everywhere throughout the Scriptures. First it is God who makes us alive, and then we can hear the voice of the Lord Jesus Christ, calling US to believe the Scriptures and to FOLLOW HIM.

And it is guaranteed that the sheep follow Him, out of the Enemy’s camp.

John 10:4
And when he (putteth forth) PULLS OUT (or: CAST OUT) his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.

It is significant that the words in the KJV translated “putteth forth” actually means “TO CAST OUT”, or “TO PULL OUT”, or “TO DRAW OUT”. The sheep do not desire of their own to come out, but Christ makes them willing to come out of the Enemy’s camp. He overcomes all their objections. God does that either by drawing them out, or by God’s providence they are cast out by the Enemy, like the Pharisees cast out the formerly blind beggar. That was God’s providence. And the sheep follow Him, because now they know His voice. For example:

· Jesus saw a man, named Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he saith unto him, Follow me. And he arose, and followed him.

· Jesus looked up, and said unto him, Zacchaeus, make haste, and come down; for to day I must abide at thy house. And Zacchaeus made haste, and came down, and received him joyfully.

· Jesus findeth Philip, and saith unto him, Follow me. And he followed him

· Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni;

Just one word from Him: “Mary”. The moment He called His sheep by name she knew His voice. And so it has been with God’s elect throughout the ages. So it is today. There is a general call, which goes forth to all who hear the Gospel, for “Many are called, but few are chosen”. But to each of Christ’s sheep there comes a particular, special call. An effectual call.

This effectual call from God is heard by each of the “sheep” , because they are given ears to hear.

Proverbs 20:12
The hearing ear, and the seeing eye, the LORD hath made even both of them.

This effectual call comes only to the sheep; the goats do not hear it. Jesus said unto them:

“But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you” (John 10:26).

John 10:5
And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.

The Lord Jesus is contrasting Himself here with “strangers”, who are bringing another gospel. This is not another group of people, but it is a different name for the thieves and robbers. Today the thieves and robbers have already invaded many Churches. Jesus has warned us for them; they are bringing another gospel. In the Gospel of the Lord Jesus, as stated here in John 10:

“He calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out. And the sheep follow him: for they know his voice”.

If you hear a gospel that is different from this, you are listening to strangers.
What a comfort is this for us that we are not going to fall for the wiles of the Devil.

Let’s turn now to the second parable in this chapter.

John 10:6
This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they understood not what things they were which he spake unto them.

Of course, they could not understand Jesus because He spoke in parables. These Pharisees were not His sheep. Jesus said unto them:

“But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.”

Jesus is giving us the comforting information that we cannot convert anyone; we cannot coerce anyone into believing the Gospel. When someone is spiritually dead, they cannot understand spiritual things. They are dead. Only God can make them alive. When we are witnesses for Jesus, we do not receive the credit, and we do not receive the blame either.

John 10:7
Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, (AMEN, AMEN) I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep.

This is a different door than we have seen earlier. In verses 1 and 2 it was the door of the sheepfold, but it was the Enemy’s sheepfold, because Jesus was leading His sheep out of there. But in this second parable, the Lord Jesus is the Door, the only Door that leads to Salvation. It is the Gospel of Salvation by Grace alone through Jesus Christ. There is no other door, no other way to become saved.

The Lord Jesus Christ emphasizes that He is the only way to Heaven.

He says in John 14:6, “I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.”

Most Christians would agree with you there. But the question remains:

Which Jesus are they talking about?

Is it the same Jesus?

Do they know My Jesus?

Do you know this Jesus who chooses some and passes by other people, leaving them to die in their sins?

Do you know Him?

Is He YOUR Savior?

Do you trust Him, the One who is so characterized by what the Bible says?

The Lord Jesus says:

John 10:8
All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.

That little word “All” has deceived many. When you see the word “all” in the Bible, you must always let the context define what it means. Here Jesus said: “The sheep did not hear them”. Therefore, the word “All” in verse 8, could not mean ‘all the prophets that came before Jesus’. Certainly Moses, and Elijah, and Isaiah, and Jeremiah were not spiritual thieves and robbers.

Jesus was referring to all the false teachers and the Pharisees that were standing before Him. He was also referring to all the generations of Pharisees who have degraded the Gospel by inserting more and more works for salvation.

Then Jesus said:

Through Me if any man enter in

John 10:9
I am the door: by me (THROUGH ME) if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out (Lit: AND WILL GO IN AND WILL GO OUT), and find pasture.

Is this an open invitation to salvation?

Of course not. This is the same Jesus who said earlier:

“He calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.”

This is the same Jesus who said in:

John 15:5
…for without me ye can do nothing.

In John 10:9 the Lord Jesus again emphasized that He alone is the Door of Salvation; that He alone is the Door that leads into the presence of God. Through Him we go into the Kingdom of Christ, and we go out of the kingdom of Satan.

He shall find pasture

Psalm 23:2
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

The thief cometh

Now in verse 10 the scene switches to the end of time. In the earlier verses Jesus spoke of thieves and robbers, plural. But now, read verse 10:

John 10:10
The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.

Here the Lord Jesus is contrasting Himself with “the thief”, in the singular, who sneaks in to steal sheep in order to kill them, spiritually, with another gospel.

Who is the Lord Jesus referring to?

He is referring to the antichrist who is so prevalent in the end of time.

2 Corinthians 11:14
And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.

2 Corinthians 11:15
Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.

But Jesus said: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.

Life more abundantly?

Why did Jesus say this after He declared: “THROUGH ME if any man enter in, he shall be saved”?

Notice spoke about the abundant life after His reference to the thief. The Lord Jesus is looking forward to His second coming, and so do we.

Revelation 21:5
And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful.

Revelation 21:6
And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.

Revelation 21:7
He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.

The greatest desire of the true believer is to be with Jesus

Jesus priceless treasure, source of purest pleasure, truest friend to me.

Ah, how long I’ve panted, and my heart has fainted, thirsting, Lord, for Thee.

Thine I am, O spotless Lamb!

I will suffer naught to hide Thee, naught I ask beside Thee.

By Alfred Chompff

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: